The Presidential Palace (Zǒngtǒng Fǔ, 总统府) has a very long, rather complex history of changing hands and providing the stage for some landmark events. Once the site of the Ming Dynasty Palace of Prince Han, the palace was also used as government offices during the Qing Dynasty. When the Taiping Rebellion rolled into the city, making it their capital, their deified leader set up shop in the palace and had the structure enlarged. When Qing troops took the city, the palace was among the casualties.
Following the establishment of the Republic of China, Dr. Sun Yatsen took the oath of Provisional President in the reconstructed compound. The building saw continued use by the Nationalist Government until Japan took the city in WWII. After Japan's defeat, then Nationalist Government returned to Nanjing in 1946 and in 1948 the compound became the Presidential Palace.
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