Covering an area of 23,000 square meters (5.7 acres), Puning Temple (Pǔníng Sì, 普宁寺) or "Temple of Universal Peace," is the furthest north of the eight temples situated outside the walls of the Imperial Summer Villa (Bishu Shanzhuang) and certainly one of the most impressive. Also known as the Big Buddha Temple (Dàfó Sì, 大佛寺), a reference to the huge statue of the Buddhist Goddess of Mercy, Guanyin (a.k.a. Avalokiteshvara)—the world's largest wooden statue—the temple..
It's an age-old birthday conundrum: What do you give a Son of Heaven who already has everything? If your answer is an enormous scale model of Lhasa's Potala Palace, then you would have been a great Qing Dynasty courtier. Chengde's Putuo Zongcheng Miao (Pǔtuó Zōngchéngzhī Miào, 普陀宗乘之庙) or "Temple of Potaraka Doctrine," dedicated to Emperor Qianlong on his birthday in 1771, is an astonishing copy of the traditional seat of Tibetan power. Like Puning Temple, Pule Temple and other Chengde..